...where culture, sun and wine
region of Austria has a long tradition of viticulture stretching back
to Celtic times. At the beginning of the first millennium the area became
particularly important under the Romans and records of the Carnuntum date
back to 9 AD following Tiberius's campaign.
represented a strategically ideal base for the Roman legions in their
fight against the wild Germanians and in 69 79 AD Emperor Vespasian built
fortified stone walls around the village and a harbour for the Danube
fleet. Carnuntum soon became the military headquarters of the Pannonian
province, the seat of the governor and also the occasional residence of
Roman Caesars. The name Carnuntum is of Illyrian origin and means stone,
cliff or firm place.
Today the Carnuntum
is rich in Roman remains, including an amphitheatre, roman palace and
most famously the 'Heidentor'. This former four pillar building which
was over 20 metres high is supposed to have been erected under Emperor
Constantin II (337-361) as a victory monument. Today the two remaining
massive pillars connected by an archway have become the characteristic
symbol of the Petronell-Carnuntum area.
Carnuntum region which covers an area south east of Vienna and south of
the Danube is dominated by viticulture. The stony lime and loess soils
of the Leithagebirge, the Arbesthaler Hügelland and the Hainburger Bergen,
together with the Pannonian micro climate and the proximity to the Danube
offer ideal natural conditions.